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How Chilis Got Spicy (and Why We Love the Burn) 

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Today, chilis are the most widely cultivated spice crop in the world - grown everywhere from their native home in the Americas to Europe, Africa, and Asia. But how and why did chilis evolve this weird, fiery trick in the first place? And why did we learn to love that spicy burn?
Big thanks to Julio Lacerda ( JulioTheArtist​​) for the excellent Capsicum domestication illustration!
Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: iritem.info
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References: docs.google.com/document/d/1DA1qeR2Fi-sdDemikPSjwO7H6YgLvO55M1WTN3p80Hk/edit?usp=sharing

علم و فناوری

تاریخ انتشار

 

2021 7 آوریل

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UKNOWNinstinct
UKNOWNinstinct پیش 9 ساعت
I thought chili peppers and potatoes were from Asia
Epicurean Disipline
Epicurean Disipline پیش 11 ساعت
That shrew is speedy Gonzales
Jose Suarez
Jose Suarez پیش روز
So we are just perverts?
Neotuck
Neotuck پیش 2 روز
How come no one in Russia grows them? They can't handle the heat?
The Arbiter 0721
The Arbiter 0721 پیش 3 روز
Humans are masochistic
The Arbiter 0721
The Arbiter 0721 پیش 3 روز
I just want to build a time machine to visit the past when the first human decide to eat one of these Chili’s it must have been the most funniest thing in Human history that we’ll never know of ...
Carbon No6
Carbon No6 پیش 4 روز
That Taco Bell mild sauce is no joke! 🥵 🔥
Frogboy Clips
Frogboy Clips پیش 4 روز
They epic
lenwe calmcacil
lenwe calmcacil پیش 4 روز
love the clips of Hank 😂
Danielle Murphy
Danielle Murphy پیش 5 روز
I dunno why people like the burn, bunch of weirdos. I'm a huge wimp and not at all ashamed to admit it 🙅‍♀️
keshav soni
keshav soni پیش 6 روز
Even monkeys are known to crave spicy chillies here in India, especially Langur monkeys
link starr
link starr پیش 7 روز
Sooo I can give a ghost pepper to a parrot?
Digital Bath
Digital Bath پیش 9 روز
I love eating chillis, it's just the morning after my poor butt can't handle.
Tom Evans
Tom Evans پیش 9 روز
Interesting
Latrodectus mactans
Latrodectus mactans پیش 9 روز
Capsicum: “I’m so spicy, nobody will snack on me!” Euphorbia: “That’s cute.” *Flexes resiniferatoxin.*
gorilaztkcuaxichil
gorilaztkcuaxichil پیش 11 روز
GREETINGS FROM MEXICO!! 🌶️🇲🇽 Cheers!! Beer+Lemon+Chilli=Michelada🍻
Chris
Chris پیش 11 روز
dope
Vincent Noble
Vincent Noble پیش 12 روز
Chilis: exist Me: I am once again asking for your chemical support
Barci Das
Barci Das پیش 12 روز
Nope. Not for me. I'm Indian but I can't even bite into a raw gren chilli. I die when I accidentally bite into one. I just want it to stop Also I think samyang got noodles are sooo delicious. But I wish they reduced the heat man. *sniff sniff* :'/ Idk about you but the physical damage is quite evident in the toilet the next day lol
Kylie Schultz
Kylie Schultz پیش 12 روز
💜💜💜💜💜💜
Ivan Ilich
Ivan Ilich پیش 12 روز
Quieren subtitulos en español? 😌
pinecrustjuise
pinecrustjuise پیش 13 روز
Chillies: uses burning sensation to keep mammals away Mammals: develops a love for the burn Chillies: low key their goal and now get dispersed far more than they did with birds
Technoraptor 777
Technoraptor 777 پیش 13 روز
Haha yeah I love the chilli peppers survival situation...its inspiring
Kareem Monzer
Kareem Monzer پیش 14 روز
I’m curious, how are they harmless if they can in fact cause abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea and IBS? I’m a huge chili eater but I’ve been instructed my doctors to limit my consumption of them due to my Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).
Anomalous Viewer
Anomalous Viewer پیش 14 روز
I make a range of fresh produce range of jalapeno,chilly and habanero sauces. I would have to disagree with the illusionary notion mentioned in this video. I have physically prepared thousands of hot peppers so far ,transient rashes and inflamation of the skin is more than just an illusion its an actual interaction between the chemical of the pepper and skin. Touch enough hot peppers without gloves and you may even lose skin on your finger tips!
matthew mann
matthew mann پیش 15 روز
Lots of tanning and shading
Jayswag
Jayswag پیش 16 روز
"It's like we're making fun of the plants by using their defense mechanism to make our food more enjoyable. Like imagine a monster that swallows you whole because it enjoys the sensation of you struggling for your life inside of it..."
Sora Gami
Sora Gami پیش 14 روز
"Like imagine a monster that swallows you whole because it enjoys the sensation of you struggling for your life inside of it" *remembers that Korean dish thats Live Octopus and Shrimp* Ha ha......ya, imagine that monster right?
longbeardchomu
longbeardchomu پیش 16 روز
You looks very different
TerminalVerbosity
TerminalVerbosity پیش 16 روز
There is definitely something wrong with humans... But it seems to be the key to our success.
Jonhattan
Jonhattan پیش 17 روز
It would be interesting to know now, why we feel the hot spicy also when we are pooping, if you haven't felt that, you haven't eaten enough chili pepper haha
Nathan Ponce
Nathan Ponce پیش 17 روز
I really appreciate the territory acknowledgment at the end. 💗✊🏾💗
james white
james white پیش 17 روز
Was that hank on the floor
Shane K
Shane K پیش 17 روز
Some of the script has me thinking it was written while listening to 80s music. Phil Collins and Madonna lol
Neek'lahs
Neek'lahs پیش 17 روز
Chili: Develops a defense mechanism that triggers heat and pain on mammals. masochist monkey: 😲 🔥 🥰
Kevs442
Kevs442 پیش 17 روز
Anthony Kiedis & Flea approve thos video.
Ben Burgess
Ben Burgess پیش 18 روز
And to think that if Chili Peppers had never evolved to be Red Hot we wouldn’t have Goodbye Angels, Under The Bridge, or Dani California.
Kai Weaver
Kai Weaver پیش 18 روز
:Captian Philips I'm the Captian Now Meme: We're the seed dispersers now
DavidSixSixFive
DavidSixSixFive پیش 18 روز
Grilled bell and jalepeños are fire.
Casey Self
Casey Self پیش 19 روز
Burn Hank Green, burn.
just_noXi
just_noXi پیش 19 روز
"oldest domesticated plants in america" europe: "haha young fellow"
Aaron Cagle
Aaron Cagle پیش 20 روز
Capsaicin does actually cause physical damage: it causes inflammation and leads to diarrhea and therefore dehydration.
Karl My Suitcase
Karl My Suitcase پیش 22 روز
lol mouth go brrrrrrrrrrrr
VioletWhirlwind
VioletWhirlwind پیش 23 روز
the hottest thing I can eat is pepperoni. Like the kind you put on pizza. However, my dad likes really hot peppers, mostly in sauce form, like tabasco sauce. He eats pepperanchinis (sp?) whole, too. I can't understand how he has any taste buds left. XD;
SwordOfAli
SwordOfAli پیش 23 روز
The last line is hard to comprehend. How did pre historic humans spread the plant from South america to all over the world?
Darby A
Darby A پیش 23 روز
In the clip from 2019, Hank looks totally lost in the (hot) sauce
Tony Goins
Tony Goins پیش 24 روز
Can you do caffeine?
clay c
clay c پیش 24 روز
I gave my dog fire doritos once. She loved it... she drooled like crazy and begged for more... until she vomited lol
R K
R K پیش 25 روز
Just to be clear, some peppers can cause internal damage if too much is eaten. Scotch bell, Ghost peppers, and of course the Carolina Reaper. Those are just some to be extremely careful with.
Eduardo Martínez
Eduardo Martínez پیش 25 روز
Plants: evolve capsaicin Humans: oh yeah baby hurt me Plants: O.o
Carlos Cruz Arce
Carlos Cruz Arce پیش 25 روز
I really appreciate y’all not white washing that indigenous woman 👏🏽
Daniel Elyar
Daniel Elyar پیش 25 روز
Hank Green for the win
Shadowhenge
Shadowhenge پیش 26 روز
Chili evolution: "So get this, right... We're gonna make ourselves painful for mammals to eat us, but see those weirdo apes over there... Those crazy guys are gonna make us stars!"
Maxwell Zsofka
Maxwell Zsofka پیش 26 روز
Anyone else shudder when she refers to the "fruit" of a chilli pepper? Am I the only one who pictures chilli peppers hidden in a fruit salad?
KIIINGST0N
KIIINGST0N پیش 26 روز
Speak for yourself. I bloody hate the burn. Why anyone wants to be in pain while they eat is beyond me 😅
Robert Pearson
Robert Pearson پیش 26 روز
Geographically their distribution coincides in particular with the Ring of Fire.
Francis Srečko Fabian
Francis Srečko Fabian پیش 26 روز
I remember my first real curry. I had to drink 6 cans of beer (more than twice as strong as American beer). I absolutely loved it. I eat curry all the time.
Spiritbound2346
Spiritbound2346 پیش 27 روز
They did Hank so dirty with these clips bro🤣
Raymond Abella
Raymond Abella پیش 27 روز
NEXT ON EONS: Stone Age Stoners; The Prehistoric Origins of Weed and How Woolly Mamoths inspired the first dreadlocks!🤡
Mustapha Leek
Mustapha Leek پیش 27 روز
'plant'. not 'ply-ant'.
Cannabis Cultivation TV
Cannabis Cultivation TV پیش 27 روز
It’s pronounced “kap-sei-sn”
Sean Hean
Sean Hean پیش 27 روز
Chilli: *Task failed successfully*
iafozzac
iafozzac پیش 27 روز
"We're the only mammal not scared of the burning sensation" My dog who kept locking chili oil off forniture when we tried to use it to dissuade her from chewing it when she was a puppy: I'm going to end this woman's whole career
Daniel Pereira
Daniel Pereira پیش 28 روز
y'all should make a video on bees.. 👀
50 Mrunal Jadav
50 Mrunal Jadav پیش 28 روز
Video on spice and haven't mentioned india !!
j r
j r پیش 28 روز
Chili peppers didn’t come from India...
ImUrOBGYN
ImUrOBGYN پیش 28 روز
I've seen many goats completely destroy chili/pepper plants with seemingly zero negative impact on the goats.
Justin Shim
Justin Shim پیش 28 روز
Fun fact: the hot peppers Korean food is known for are *not* native to Korea. They're basically jalapeños.
Jocose Sonata
Jocose Sonata پیش 29 روز
Basically, Chilis brings out the masochist in us.
Kris toff
Kris toff پیش 29 روز
Yeeee
Δnti Entropy
Δnti Entropy پیش 29 روز
So we are all masochist by default huh?
Lerual Naej
Lerual Naej پیش 29 روز
This is why dumping ground chilies in your bird feeder is such a good way of keeping the chipmunks and squirrels out.
lotharn
lotharn پیش 29 روز
Common guys, Brasil is the THIRD largest producer of peppers in the planet. 102.000 Tons in 2018. Why is it left off from the map?
Caroline Yim
Caroline Yim پیش 29 روز
Thankful! I don't know how to eat alot of my food without some level of spice. Yum :)
oOo Gimmy
oOo Gimmy پیش 29 روز
We are masochists ...
Ansari Mohd Firoz
Ansari Mohd Firoz پیش ماه
Love the fact that you acknowledged the natives of the land
Nikki Berry
Nikki Berry پیش ماه
I've wondered about this for a while. When most animals bite into something that causes them pain, they stop eating it. But some human bit into 1 and was like "ooo, this would be good with some rice!"
alonzo calvillo
alonzo calvillo پیش ماه
Now you made me hungry for tacos with a lot of chile.
Zofia Jaworek
Zofia Jaworek پیش ماه
Make a video about thylacoleo and it's insane teeth!
Alex Allen
Alex Allen پیش ماه
Interesting and spicy video 🙂🥵👍🌶
abc abc
abc abc پیش ماه
South America gave it to the world, Indians (Asians) took it the next level. Thanks Latinos!
Take A walk
Take A walk پیش 29 روز
Central America had it too
j m
j m پیش ماه
Wheres the link to the scishow hotsauce challenge?
Nmethyltransferase
Nmethyltransferase پیش ماه
Look at me... Look at me! _I_ am the seed disperser now!
Nmethyltransferase
Nmethyltransferase پیش ماه
If you want to be more comfortable in the morning after, take psyllium half an hour before your meal. You're welcome!
Chuck Rusty
Chuck Rusty پیش ماه
Definitely addicting. I started my spice journey with a Slim Jim (Mild) at around 4 years old. My love for spicy foods grew from there. From that point on, I just worked my way up the spice ladder, eventually growing my own peppers in my teen years (jalapeno, banana, cayenne, tabasco, and habanero peppers). I used to make salsa with them. Through adulthood I have enjoyed the wide range of extra hot peppers, ghost, scorpion, and so on. Great video!
Stephanie Wallace
Stephanie Wallace پیش ماه
Interesting that it works in the 🌶’s fav with me not liking the spices
AppNasty
AppNasty پیش ماه
Wait...so chilli peppers are fruit?
TooManySteves
TooManySteves پیش ماه
I must have an overproduction of those receptors, as I can't stand anything but the mildest chilli, curry, pepper, or mint.
Recklvss Rock
Recklvss Rock پیش ماه
Interesting I never thought that it works that way
5610winston
5610winston پیش ماه
Is it true that possession of three or more Carolina Reaper plants contravenes international weapons treaties?
Meg B
Meg B پیش ماه
This reminds me of Reduction in TRPV1 is a issue , it’s similar but yet not the same as how people with type 2 diabetes have issues with insulin and high levels of glucose.
StormSought
StormSought پیش ماه
Addicting? PBS, you're better than this
Jeffrey Baker
Jeffrey Baker پیش ماه
Awesome! Love my hot stuff 😍
KOTAKVISUAL
KOTAKVISUAL پیش ماه
Pelecing enak nih 😁
Seth Windsor
Seth Windsor پیش ماه
So wait...spicy doesn’t exist?!?! It’s an illusion?
44 Hawk
44 Hawk پیش ماه
I keep wondering if this lady is Canadian. She puts a long e at the beginning of the word Epoch.
lanietalk
lanietalk پیش ماه
wow we’re really all masochists
lanietalk
lanietalk پیش ماه
Chilis are grown on 100% of North America omg
Phillip Scharf
Phillip Scharf پیش ماه
Kind of gets you high... If you eat a pepper strong enough you don't even get the pain bit, you just go straight into "chemical relief".
Fnidner
Fnidner پیش ماه
wat up, my fellow great ape dispersers??
Ray Drouillard
Ray Drouillard پیش ماه
Chilis aren't the only genus that has benefited greatly from humans' eating habits. There are currently more chickens than people in the world -- pretty good for a domesticated version of the red jungle fowl. Ruminants like cows, sheep, and goats are doing well, too. When vat or 3D printed meat becomes cheaper than regular meat, the population of those meat animals will plummet. Hopefully, someone will keep at least some around so that they don't go extinct.
The Den
The Den پیش ماه
I don't know if you guys are still looking for "good" evolution/geology jokes, but here's a treasured joke from the Pacific NW anyway: Mt. Hood and Mt. St. Helen's used to be a happy couple some millennia ago. Unfortunately, Mt. Hood had an affair with the 3 Sisters and St. Helen's blew her top. Edit: grammar is hard you guys
westeN westeN
westeN westeN پیش ماه
you dont explain one thing. we got stomachache when we eat too many capsaicin, do those animal got the same problem as well?
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